Technological advancements have made human life comfortable more than it was during the yesteryears. It has eased out life to a great extent making communication easier than it was. Today, we carry out all our purchases and many other activities online. Most of the sites we deal with ask for unique passwords and usernames. We will look in depth at the technological certificate that helps us safeguard our identity from hackers.
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Why do we need a Certificate?
The certificate we discuss here is referred to as SSL. It acts as an authentication allowing users to enter into a website in a safe manner. It safeguards the confidential information pertaining to the user using technology whose security level is of global standard. Some of the sensitive information that SSL certificate protects from getting hacked are credit card numbers, mail passwords and other types of passwords. This certificate is required for maintaining confidential data in a safe manner. This will safeguard that the data does not fall into the wrong hands of the hackers who may use the same for illegal or unacceptable purposes.
SSL Certificate: How does it Work?
SSL basically stands for Secure Sockets Layer. It is a high-level technology whose security standards are at par with global practice. SSL enables communication between a web server and web browser in an encrypted manner. The encrypted manner in which confidential data of millions of users across the world is handled makes it a highly secured technology that is absolutely dependable. Hackers and data thieves will be unable to rob the data transmitted by the browser to the server since it happens in a highly encrypted manner. SSL Certificate is also called as Digital Certificate
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What is the purpose of a Certificate Authority Template?
The main purpose of a certificate authority template is the issue of public key certifying the ownership. Certificate Authority is the official entity who issues authorized Digital Certificates to users in the form of public keys. The private key assigned to the users interacts with the specific public key assigned to him authenticating the user and safeguarding his data.
HTTPS on the World Wide Web is mainly dependent on such third party public key authorizations to prevent their site from getting hacked by hackers and data thieves. A certificate authority template helps in the creation of a secured connections to remote servers with the help of Internet
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What is a Digital Certificate?
A Digital Certificate is basically the passport that technology offers for exchanging information over the internet in a secured manner. This security for information exchange over the internet is enabled by the infrastructure called Public key. This is why a Digital Certificate is often referred to as Public Key certificate. Digital Certificates helps to identify and verify data, resisting forgery since the same is getting issued through reliably authenticated agencies. The main ingredients that Digital Certificates contain are
- Name of the Digital Certificate holder
- Unique Serial number
- Expiration date of the Digital Certificate
Public Key assigned to the Holder
The public key provided in the Digital Certificate is just for the owner to verify the digital signatures of self and the Certificate issuing authority. Public Key, as mentioned earlier interacts with the Digital signature or the Private Key of the owner during the authentication and security process.
Make your own Certificate Template
Many of us may not want to go in for a digital certificate through a third party agency but want to create one for us ourselves. Some situation may force us to create a digital signature urgently. In such cases, we feel stuck as to how to do the same without the interference of a third party. Digital Signatures can be created within a few minutes by just clicking on the Windows icon in our computer and pressing the start button.
You must then click on the Microsoft office folder displayed on your screen and choose the Microsoft Office 2010 tools folder. You will get a button displaying the words ‘Digital Certificates for VBA projects’. Click on the same and choose the Create Digital Certificate option showed on the screen. You will be asked to type a name of your choice for your certificate. Type the same and click okay. This will generate the Digital Certificate which will have unique information which will allow you to sign digitally
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Types of Certificates
There are many types of SSL or Digital certificates available offering various levels and purposes of security to users who may be individuals or organizations. These certificates differ both in terms of cost as well as the authentication processes. While some of these certificates act based on domains as the basis protection them with their own set of triggers, other certificates are bent towards protecting organizations by validating through unique keys. The three main types of SSL certificate in vogue for website and domain protection are
- Domain Validated Certificates
- Organization Validated Certificates
- Extended Validation Certificates
Domain Validated Certificates
Basically, a X.509 certificate that is digital in nature, Domain validated certificates validates the applicant identity by exerting certain extent of control over the DNS domain. This method of using the Domain validates certificates is termed as TLS which stands for Transport Layer Security.
Control over domains is done by verification through mail sent to the domain contact. Control over domains is also done through the published DNS Text record or Nonce received from the automated system that issues certificate
Organization Validated Certificate
Organization validated certificates is mainly useful for websites that are more prone to public facing. Organization Validated Certificate can be used by websites that are commercial in nature. These certificates carry genuine information pertaining to organizations and are highly reliable.
Organization Validated Certificates are in line with X.509 RFC standards which provide all the pertinent details for validating the organizations in digital format. The authentication thus provided checks for the right of use whenever employees of the organization exchange data in the form of documents
Extended Validation Certificates
This is the best forms of authentication and security available among the many others existent certifications. Extended validation certificates are being used by many huge organizations in the world. It is preferred for the high levels of confidence that the users, as well as the customers, have on the security provided.
Extended validation certificates offer one of the strictest forms of security with the help of Symantec who is respected for their security related products worldwide. It is absolutely impossible to phish or impersonates an extended validation certified web domain since it doesn’t allow the green bar to be triggered without authentications.