Organizational Charts

Organizational charts are diagrams that show a company or business’ internal structure by providing information about the roles, responsibilities, and relationships between individuals within an organization. This chart can be structured according to a company, department, or unit’s hierarchy.

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Organizational Charts Definition & Meaning

Organizational charts are used by a business or company to graphically display their organization’s hierarchical structure.

Organizational charts represent a company’s layout that highlights various jobs, departments, and responsibilities that connects its employees to each other as well as to the management team.

What Are Organizational Charts?

Organizational charts are diagrams that can be in a form of a flat organizational chart, matrix chart, or divisional organizational chart. It can also be referred to as “org charts” or “organization charts.” Using a well-structured organizational chart allows an employee to see how valuable their roles are in the overall company structure.

10 Types Of Organizational Charts

Manufacturing Organizational Charts

Manufacturing organizational charts are diagrams that show the chain of command of a firm. This represents the structure of departments, such as production, purchasing, marketing, technical, accounting, HR, and customer services. Manufacturing companies usually use charts with a traditional design that involves departmentalization so tasks can be grouped together.


Agency Organizational Chart

An agency organizational chart is a flowchart that contains a clear workforce structure, from executive positions to subordinate positions. This includes their job titles or job positions with lines that connect them to other employees and departments. Using an agency organizational chart prevents miscommunication, inefficiency, and poor results within a company.


Business Organizational Chart

Instead of listing data and statics, a business organization chart gives an overview of the relationships between each position and employee in an organization. It defines the clear differences between departments and hierarchies to easily see how work and information flow. With business organizational charts, executives can assess how changes can affect their organization’s performance.


Charity Organizational Charts

Charity organizational charts are diagrams that show the hierarchy between the board of directors, executives, and directors of operations, marketing, finance, and more. It shows the board members at the top while staff and volunteers below depending on their ranks and relationships. Charity organizational charts help an individual visualize their rank and better understand who and where they should be reporting.


Church Organization Charts

Church organization charts is a chart that shows the people responsible for various duties within a church. This may include those who are responsible for donations, volunteers, schedules, events, facility management, classes, and more. This type of chart also outlines the purpose of the church and how it would accomplish its plans and programs.


Company Organizational Charts

Company organizational charts represent a guide so employees can be informed of their rights and duties. It provides a breakdown of an employee’s work responsibilities, processes, as well as the internal structure of the company. To create an effective organizational chart, you need to know the purposes and objectives of the company.


Construction Organizational Charts

Construction organizational charts are graphs that visualize the roles and structure of a company. It includes basic role descriptions in departments like HR, purchasing, project, engineering, financial, and marketing. Using this type of chart allows staff and stakeholders to clearly recognize the operational relationship between team members within the organization.


Finance Organizational Chart

A finance organizational chart is used to represent the employees running a financial establishment including the team that works within the system. This chart shows rank, responsibility, and information flow to display how its functions are divided. It also enables the visibility of how many staffs are working across the entire organization.


Environment Organization Chart

An environment organization chart is a structural diagram of a company that works in the field of environmental sciences for any project related to the environment. It establishes the function of various positions and departments of a company. An environmental organization also serves as a roadmap for how a task should be communicated to various members.


Hospital Organizational Charts

Hospital organizational charts show the hierarchy flow chart of a hospital’s board of directors, executives, department managers, patient care managers, service providers, and those who work under them. Like other charts, this type shows the department structure based on a hospital setting. Workers from the nursing, rehabilitation centers, medicine, healthcare, and other medical departments follow these flowcharts.


Organizational Charts Uses, Purpose, Importance

Organizational charts are used by businesses and companies to visually describe their hierarchy structure. It provides a representation of roles, responsibilities, and other duties of each employee, from directors and executives to team members. Created in the form of a flowchart, organizational charts show the relationships between departments and employees.

Displays Clear Reporting Structure

By using a clear organizational chart, employees are provided with a guide to know who’s who and to who they need to report. This includes the name of the head member of other departments which members can use just in case they need a reference. With these charts, employees can easily connect to the right person from another office in the organization.

Provides an Easier Onboarding Process

Organizational charts can help new employees to get to know the people they are working for. By showing the overall structure of the company, new hires can learn the names and faces of their colleagues. This will help them work in a more efficient and comfortable way in their first few weeks.

Enhances Workload Management

When an organizational chart is properly deployed and managed, it can help employees visualize and stay on top of their tasks. It also helps illustrate each manager or director’s span of control, making it easier for them to assess their workloads. Using an organizational chart also enables both managers and employees to define the range of their responsibilities.

Helps in Determining Competency

As organizational charts define each employee’s functions and responsibilities, employers are able to measure each employee’s performance and growth. Measuring one’s capabilities is valuable to effectively evaluate an employee. Organizational charts also allow employers to monitor their members’ individual performances and attributes.

Promotes Wider Team Collaboration

Organizational charts can be shared through prints, exports, emails, or a company’s intranet. This makes it a valuable tool for planning and collaboration for growth, restructuring, and workforce planning. This also enables organizations to provide a creative and shareable version of their charts to collaborate with individuals outside their company.

What’s In Organizational Charts? Parts?

Work Specialization

This part of an organizational chart provides the direction of assignment contribution and is used to know how tasks are assigned to each person.

Division of Department

The division of department describes how workers are connected to each other and display details on their categorized work activities.

Chain of Command

This part shows the line of power which is drawn from top to bottom, outlining an authority and its functions as a guide that enables members to know who to report to.

Span of Control

This shows how many people each manager can supervise and how many teams of management a company can be divided into.


Organizational charts provide formalization as a reference to know how a task is standardized and a guide for employees’ proper behavior.


How to Design Organizational Charts?

1. Choose an organizational chart size.

2. Decide on the purpose of the organizational chart.

3. Select an organizational chart template.

4. Modify the structure of the organizational chart template by adding or removing titles or images.

5. Add a headshot or clipart for each position.

6. Include additional job descriptions if you have any.

7. Finalize and download.


Organizational Charts vs. Chart

Organizational charts are diagrams that visualize the internal structure of an organization or company, including their employees’ job positions and descriptions.

Charts are graphical representations for data visualizations that help to uncover patterns, trends, relationships, and structure in data.

What’s the Difference Between Organizational Charts, flow charts, and Gantt charts?

Organizational charts display the hierarchical structure of a company to better guide employees on who to report to and what departments they belong to.

A flow chart visualizes the steps of a process in sequential order, which can be used for manufacturing processes, administrative or service progress, or a project plan.

Gantt charts are graphical representations of a project schedule that shows the start and finish dates or a project’s features like its resources, planning, and dependencies.

Organizational Charts sizes

Creating an organizational chart must be printed in the appropriate paper size which can be the letter or A4 paper.


Organizational Charts Ideas & Examples

Organizational chart ideas must provide clear descriptions of each employee’s work duties and responsibilities in a comprehensive manner.

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  • IT Organizational Charts Ideas and Examples
  • Library Organizational Charts Ideas and Examples
  • Marketing Organizational Charts Ideas and Examples
  • Management Organizational Charts Ideas and Examples
  • Medical Organizational Charts Ideas and Examples
  • Office Organizational Charts Ideas and Examples
  • Restaurant Organizational Charts Ideas and Examples


Why are organizational charts important?

Organizational charts enable employees to clearly identify all team leaders in the organization and help minimize wasted time in identifying who to report to.

How do organizational charts work?

Organizational charts visualize the internal structure of an institution like a school or university, restaurant, or other types of business by representing it using boxes or shapes, images, contact information, email, icons, and illustrations.

How do you create organizational charts?

To create an organizational chart, you first need to choose a template you want, modify its content by adding and removing items, add photos for each team member, prove their job description, and then finalize and download it for printing.

Why do companies use organizational charts?

Using organizational charts allows companies to improve communication and collaboration across their departments and among team members.

What is the role of IT in an organizational chart?

With IT, organizational chart software is available today which makes it easier for business executives to share their company’s information with employees.

Why do you need organizational charts?

Using an organizational chart allows employees to determine the varying roles within the company they are working at and enable managers to better understand how to circulate information to staff members.

How organizational charts are useful to HR?

HR uses organizational charts to understand the allocation of work responsibilities within a company and to effectively establish specific tasks for a team member.

What should an organizational chart include?

An organizational chart should include job descriptions, division of departments, the chain of command, the span of control, and formalization.

What are the different uses of an organizational chart?

A well-structured organizational chart can enhance communication within a company by clearly showing the lines of authority and position of each employee.

How do you update an organizational chart?

To update an organizational chart, open the chart file on your Excel, select the top chart box of the branch you want to apply a new layout, click the Layout list arrow on the organizational toolbar, and then select a new layout.