Interior design is the art and science of improving a building's interior to make it healthier and more aesthetically appealing for the people who use it. An interior designer is a specialist who designs, researches, coordinates, and manages these enhancements. Conceptual development, space preparation, site inspections, programming, analysis, communicating with project partners, construction management, and design execution are all part of the interior design process.

Understanding people's behavior to construct usable spaces inside a building is the art and science of interior design. The furnishing or adorning of a room with decorative elements, often followed by guidance and practical assistance, is known as decoration. To summarise, interior designers can decorate, but interior decorators do not design. An interior designer who specializes in fine line design will work on projects that require technical skills, such as window and door placement, acoustics, and lighting, as well as projects that include organizing the basic layout of spaces inside a building. To create interior environments that are functional, secure, and comply with building codes, regulations, and ADA specifications, interior designers must be highly qualified. They go beyond the selection of color palettes and furnishings They apply their expertise to the creation of construction documents, occupancy loads, healthcare regulations, and sustainable design standards, as well as the management and coordination of professional services such as mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and life safety—all in order to ensure that people can live, learn, or work in a safe and aesthetic setting.

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