- What is Technical Specification?
- Importance of Technical Specification
- How to Write Technical Specification
As technology continues to advance, projects grow more complicated along with it. Developers will need more help than ever before concerning the technical aspects of their endeavors, which is where technical specification comes into play. Complex data, when broken down, opens the doors of understanding to those who need it. Having specifications help in designing IT and software products, but it isn’t always easy to write. Here’s how you can become better at it.
What is Technical Specification?
Technical specification is what leads the way for developers to define their goals and methods in the name of better application. In addition to that, it also helps them in managing their operations and guaranteeing strong stakeholder support. This document contains not just a list of necessary resources, but also the project’s measures, types, and so much more. Having this is crucial to breaking down plans and identifying the flaws within that may adversely affect an upcoming project.
Importance of Technical Specification
According to 2015 data from Statista, 48% percent of developers considered poor document requirements as a leading reason for project failure. This is the prime reason why technical specification is important. It isn’t hard to see how significant this can be, especially as it identifies the project requirements, its framework, and all the other details needed to help you achieve your project’s goals.
How to Write Technical Specification
The following are the general steps you need to take in order to properly write technical specification:
Use the Correct Writing Style
The name ‘technical specification’ itself already gives away what the writing style needs to be: simple, formal, and direct. Be as appropriate as you can be, because you will have to explain each part of the document thoroughly, including all the complicated terminologies that shareholders or others might find hard to understand. Always keep in mind that your purpose in writing this is to set guidelines on how you work on your project, so be as clear as possible.
Apply the Proper Structure or Format
Make sure that its structure covers the scope of your work. Within the format, you can include the project’s infrastructure and determine both the functional and non-functional requirements. Since this normally appears to be in long-form, then it’s advisable to include a table of contents for navigation purposes, which will include references and appendices. More importantly, you have to ensure that there is consistency among details.
Specify the Scope and Timeline
With a pen or a text editor with you, you can draft the scope of your project and the timeline to follow. The process continues in deliberating what feature needs to include and not to. Be reminded to work with your manager or other colleagues to create benchmarks of ideas. It is said that when more heads work for a project, the better the plan will be. Your scope should be within your project nature, so as the timeline with your workforce, budget, and resource capacity.
Specify Your Goals, Objectives, and Milestones
One of the primary purposes of this kind of document is to help recognize a project’s goals and objectives. Regardless of what the specifics are, it is advisable to keep your writing of them as logical and methodical as possible. In doing so, you make the act of document tracking that much easier. Remember that the goals, objectives, and milestones in question need to be measurable, attainable, realistic, and timely in addition to being specific.
Include the Requirements and Evaluation
For you to reach your goals and get the best of it, you include in your checklist the requirements essential for you to complete it. Failure to know the needed resources will result in operations and management imbalance, which later rip the flow or worst pull the entire project into nothing. Business, functional, and design requirements are a few that you and your team must think about for today and beyond. However, not all deemed requirements are needed, so you have to evaluate each necessity for your project. Imagine starting a project with insufficient resources; surely, functions forego your favor.
State the Security, Privacy, and Risks
Data help businesses determine what might happen in the future. However, no one gets certain with an absolute forecast. To address this, you need to include in your technical specification the possible risks that may occur before and along the process. In this way, you can prepare effective alternatives to cover the security of your project. Since this is an internal document, whatever content this has, it should be within the boundaries of persons involved.
Tips for Writing Technical Specification
Even with the general steps provided above, there are always other things to keep in mind. Make things even easier for yourself and pay close attention to the following tips:
Keep it Simple
Simplifying technical terms is a tedious task to do. However, you need to present this document in a simpler way for others who are not familiar with it. The simpler this document appears, the easy to understand and the more convenient it affects. Simplicity could be based on word usage, sentence construction, and other grammatical considerations. Just present what is needed and you’re good to go.
Others might find conciseness and simplicity the same, but what’s behind the simplicity is conciseness. Simplicity also covers the structure, unlike conciseness only to content presentation. You must deliver the process flow completely with fewer words used. Not because you specify, you now need to expound the procedure in long sentences. The shorter each process is, the easier to follow.
Humans are more visuals than readers. That is why most people prefer to look over visuals and diagrams as their guide. Analyze how a particular dimension is practical to use. Is a two-dimensional visual apt than a three-dimensional one? Think about it. Once you’ve decided about it, you now follow the proper sizing of figures and tables that you deem comfortable for your audience to analyze then make sure that you maintain even sizes throughout your document.
Establish Inclusions and Involvement
The technical specification is a document you use to communicate what and how a project must be done. Only then will this make sense once shareholders, colleagues, and others who take part in the project operations, development, management, and attainment understand what it supposes to imply. When you write, think of your audience. How will they understand technical content? We will leave the way for you.
You need to prepare a technical specification before settling in all the necessary actions to complete the project. But before a tree bears its fruit, you need to take good care of it. Similar to writing your technical specification, success only reaches your hands once you create the content well. Regardless of what your writing style is, a document that clearly defines undoubtedly suffice.