# How To Calculate the Percentage Change in Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel is a powerful tool for analyzing data, and one fundamental skill is calculating percentage change. Whether you’re a student, professional, or business owner, understanding this concept is crucial. In this article, we’ll guide you in calculating the percentage change in Microsoft Excel, simplifying complex formulas into easy steps anyone can follow.

## How To Calculate the Percentage Change in Microsoft Excel

Whether you’re tracking financial trends, analyzing sales figures, or monitoring progress, knowing how to compute percentage changes allows for better decision-making. Here’s how:

• ### Step 1. Enter your data

Open a new Excel spreadsheet and input the initial value in one cell and the final value in another cell. For example, if you’re calculating the percentage change in sales from January to February, enter the January sales figure in one cell and the February sales figure in another.

• ### Step 2. Calculate the difference

In a new cell, subtract the initial value from the final value. This will give you the difference between the two values. Use the formula: Final Value – Initial Value = Difference.

• ### Step 3. Compute the percentage change

In another cell, divide the difference by the initial value. Then, multiply the result by 100 to get the percentage change. Use the formula: (Difference / Initial Value) = Percentage Change.

• ### Step 4. Interpret the result

The final number you get represents the percentage change between the initial and final values. A positive percentage indicates an increase, while a negative percentage signifies a decrease.

You may also find valuable insights in the following articles offering tips for Microsoft Excel:

Note

## FAQs

### What does a negative percentage change mean?

A negative percentage change indicates a decrease from the initial value to the final value.

### Can percentage change be greater than 100%?

Yes, a percentage change greater than 100% indicates an increase more than doubling the initial value.

### How do I format percentage change in Excel?

Select the cell with the percentage change, then click the “Percentage” button in the Excel toolbar.

### What’s the difference between percentage change and absolute change?

Percentage change represents the relative difference, while absolute change measures the exact numerical difference between two values.

### Can I calculate percentage change for multiple data points in Excel?

Yes, you can calculate percentage change for multiple data points by repeating the calculation process for each pair of values.