A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed explanation of a lesson's course of instruction, also known as the "learning trajectory." A teacher creates a daily lesson plan to facilitate class learning. Details can differ based on the teacher's preferences, the subject being discussed, and the students' needs. It's likely that the school system will place limitations on the plan. A lesson plan is the teacher's guide for delivering a specific lesson, and it includes the aim (what the students should learn), how the goal will be achieved (method, procedure), and a way to assess how well the goal was achieved (test, worksheet, homework, etc.).
While there are many formats for a lesson plan, most lesson plans contain some or all of these elements, typically in the order of title of the lesson, time required to complete the lesson, list of required materials, list of objectives, an instructional component, an evaluation, and an analysis. A well-developed lesson plan represents the interests and needs of students. It implements best practices for the educational industry. The lesson plan is in line with the teacher's educational philosophy, or what the teacher believes the object of education is. The exact criteria for a lesson plan are determined by school requirements and a teacher's personal preferences, in that order. Unit plans follow much the same format as a lesson plan but cover an entire unit of work, which may span several days or weeks.
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