A case study refers to a method or record of research on the creation over a period of time of a given person, community, or circumstance. In other words, it is a research method in the social and life sciences which involves an up-close, in-depth, and concise overview of a specific subject or topic. A case study of nursing is an in-depth study of a patient that is found in a practicum during the daily practice of the student.
1: The Title Page consists of the basic information of the person doing the study.
2: The Contents Table which will help guide the readers.
3: The Summary of the topic.
4: The Introduction to the topic.
5: The Analysis of the topic.
6: The Alternatives or Recommendations for any type of problems that may exist.
7: The Reference List that consists of all the sources used in the study.
A nursing case study is an important developmental experience because the student can apply the theoretical or classroom learning to an actual situation and maybe make some conclusions and suggestions. There are three main areas in a nursing case study. This includes Patient Data; Patient Status Review by the Nurse; and Treatment Plan together with Recommendations. There will be sub-sections within each large section.
This segment involves demographic data, the medical history of the patient and the diagnosis, condition, and treatment of the current patient. In this section, it is obvious that you’re going to talk about the patient here and so you’re going to commit all this data to write. Don’t trust your memory, write down everything. You’ll also need to clarify why the inclusion of the information in your analysis is necessary. You will need to include the reasons why the patient was seeking medical treatment and take note of the patient’s first signs.
First, you must describe the diagnosis which was made afterward. In light of the diagnosis, you need to know what the disease process or progression is. You should include their origins, the symptoms and what you noticed. You also need to describe what your nursing role will be.
You’ll need to arrange your evaluation of the patient’s health. As you’re producing that assessment, you need to make sure to explain why you’ve made every assessment. Think, for example, a patient has been diagnosed with cancer. One of the presentations of the symptoms is difficult urination. You will need to record the problem of urination and suggest possible causes of it. You’ll then need to come up with treatment options depending on the possible causes. And, in this situation, you have to determine how you will identify the cause of the problem.
Describe the procedure – medicine, rehabilitation, etc., and clarify why the condition is appropriate for each treatment. You will also need to address how the treatment plan improves the quality of life for the patient. Determine what the targets are for the treatment. Think about what the benchmarks are for success assessment, and how will it be specifically documented.
Once the procedure is initiated, recording and therapy occurrence – time, dosage, etc. – and then monitoring the progress that occurs or does not occur will be the responsibility. Suppose, for instance, that you start a diuretic regimen for your cancer patient. Determine how you would define success. Also, determine how long the treatment will be conducted to determine the success or not. In the case that this is not successful, what will your next option be for treatment?
The evidence that you obtain must be registered carefully and then documented in this section of your case study. This is similar to any scientific study. Without making decisions about the effectiveness of the treatment plan, you must also analyze the data and conclusions. You will be making recommendations towards the end of this section – they may be merely to stick with the current course of treatment; you may have conducted some research that shows another treatment plan or that is warranted. In this case, this new treatment program may very well be recommended. Just note, you have to explain any decision you make and this usually comes from the literature on medical research.
Making a case study for nursing has essentially two main tasks:
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