Who can live without food? Food is one of the basic necessities of an individual but do we realize the fact whether the food we eat is good for our health or not? Whether you are having a proper meal or not is an important thing to know. For this purpose, food survey questionnaires are used to gather some information regarding the intake of food by the respondents and their responses about it.
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How to Make a Food Survey Questionnaire?
Step 1: Determine the Purpose
Before you start your questionnaire, you must first think about what is the need for making one? Why do you need a food survey questionnaire in the first place? After all, you must have a proper purpose for your questionnaire before you distribute it.
Step 2: Provide a Title
After determining your purpose, the next important thing is giving a title to your questionnaire. This is important because it will determine what the questionnaire is about. In this context, make sure your questionnaire is entitled related to the food survey.
Step 3: Give Instructions
Start your questionnaire with a well-written set of instructions that will help the respondents while filling the questionnaire. You can number these instructions or provide bullet points accordingly to make it easier to read.
Step 4: Give Appropriate Questions
Start providing the questions. Keep in mind to keep your questions short and avoid any sort of complications. Make sure all your questions are relevant and related to the topic your survey is about. Avoid any open-ended questions.
Step 5: Proofread
The last part of your task is to revise and recheck your questionnaire before distributing it. You must check whether your questionnaire has any mistakes or errors and if you find any, make sure to correct them and take out the final copy.
Is a Questionnaire Reliable?
A valid questionnaire is considered to measure what it claims to measure most of the time. But in some situations, many questionnaires fails to do so, for instance, a food questionnaire that seeks to measure the food intake of the respondent may be invalid as it measures what they say they have eaten and not what they have eaten. The reliable questionnaires generally yield consistent results from repeated samples and different researchers over time. The differences in results come from the differences between the participants and not from the consistencies in how the items are understood or different the observers interpret the responses. A questionnaire that is written and administered so all participants are asked the same questions in an identical format and responses that are recorded uniformly is known as a standardized questionnaire. By standardizing a questionnaire, you will automatically increase its reliability.
How to Present Your Questions?
The items in your questionnaire may be open or even close-ended and can also be presented in various formats. Some of the words that are often used inappropriately in closed question stems are frequently and regularly. An item that is poorly designed may read something like “I frequently engage in exercise.” and offer a scale giving responses form “strongly agree” through to “strongly disagree.” However, the term “frequently” implies frequency, so a frequency-based rating scale would be more suitable in a question. The item “Regularly” may imply some other pattern like one person can regularly engage in exercise once a month whereas some other person can regularly do so but four or two times a week. You can also avoid other words in your question stems like commonly, usually, many, hardly every and some.
It is not an easy task to design a food survey questionnaire that produces usable data. You must be aware of the pitfalls as it is essential when you planning research and appraising published studies. Therefore, you must have the correct knowledge while framing your questionnaire and make sure that you do not commit any kind of mistakes. To gather some honest responses from the people your questions must be relevant enough and attract the respondent’s attention.