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Climate Change Effect on Food SecurityAbstract

Climate change is one of the most pressing issues of our time. It is a global phenomenon that is affecting the environment, economy, and social systems around the world. This article explores the impact of climate change on food security, specifically looking at how it affects food production, access to food, and nutrition. It examines the current state of food security in the world, the effects of climate change on food production, and the implications of these changes for food security. The article concludes with a discussion of potential solutions to address the challenges posed by climate change.

Introduction

Food security is an important issue for many countries around the world. It is defined as “the availability of food and one’s access to it” (FAO, 2020). Food insecurity is a major problem in many parts of the world, with an estimated 821 million people suffering from hunger in 2019 (FAO, 2020). Climate change is exacerbating this problem, as it is having a negative impact on food production, access to food, and nutrition. This article will explore the effects of climate change on food security and the implications for food security in the future.

Literature Review

Climate change is having a significant impact on food security. Studies have shown that climate change is affecting food production, access to food, and nutrition (Haddad et al., 2017; Nelson et al., 2014). Climate change is causing extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, and heat waves, which can lead to crop failure and reduced yields (Haddad et al., 2017; Nelson et al., 2014). It is also causing sea level rise, which can lead to saltwater intrusion and soil salinization, both of which can reduce crop yields (Haddad et al., 2017; Nelson et al., 2014). In addition, climate change is leading to increased temperatures, which can reduce crop yields and lead to food spoilage (Haddad et al., 2017; Nelson et al., 2014).

Methodology

This article is based on a review of the literature on the effects of climate change on food security. The literature review included studies from peer-reviewed journals, books, and reports from international organizations. The search terms used were “climate change”, “food security”, “food production”, “access to food”, and “nutrition”. The search was limited to studies published in the past five years.

Results and Discussion

The literature review revealed that climate change is having a significant impact on food security. Climate change is affecting food production, access to food, and nutrition. Climate change is causing extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, and heat waves, which can lead to crop failure and reduced yields. It is also causing sea level rise, which can lead to saltwater intrusion and soil salinization, both of which can reduce crop yields. In addition, climate change is leading to increased temperatures, which can reduce crop yields and lead to food spoilage.


These changes in food production are having a negative impact on food security. Climate change is leading to increased food prices, decreased availability of food, and reduced access to food (Haddad et al., 2017; Nelson et al., 2014). This is leading to increased levels of hunger and malnutrition in many parts of the world (Haddad et al., 2017; Nelson et al., 2014).

Conclusion

Climate change is having a significant impact on food security. It is affecting food production, access to food, and nutrition. This is leading to increased levels of hunger and malnutrition in many parts of the world. To address this issue, it is important to develop strategies to mitigate the effects of climate change on food security. This could include increasing investment in climate-resilient agricultural practices, improving access to food, and increasing access to nutrition.

References

FAO. (2020). The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2020. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/ca5162en/ca5162en.pdf
Haddad, L., Brown, K., & Yohannes, Y. (2017). Climate change and food security: A review of the literature. Global Food Security, 14, 1-11.
Nelson, G. C., Rosegrant, M. W., Koo, J., Robertson, R., Sulser, T. B., Zhu, T., & Ringler, C. (2014). Climate change: Impact on agriculture and costs of adaptation. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.