What Is a Job Description?
The essential job requirements, duties, and responsibilities are some of the critical components stated in a job description document. According to a scholarly article on the Wright State University website, the job description must be a well-written document that will produce a clear picture of the roles and needed skills of a particular job opening.
How to Create a Job Description
The human resources team of every company should develop ways on how to retain and recruit talents who will contribute to the success of the company. A thorough job description is one right way to present to possible applicants on what they will sign up for. The description should clarify the responsibilities and pertinent roles of an employee in a company. If you want to start making one on your own, choose from our long list of high-quality job description templates or refer to the steps below for reference.
1. Write the Job Background
The job background will serve as a summary of the whole document. What is the job all about, and what's in it for the applicant? The job content, purpose, and scope should be written in a catchy tone so that the readers will be interested in continuing to read. Use a professional font like Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman. Also, aim for a clean layout by using the right spacing and borders.
2. State the Job Responsibilities
The description must provide directions to interested individuals and applicants through a simple list. The job responsibilities must state all the essential functions and responsibilities in carrying out the job. There are tons of jobs and positions out there that need to be spelled out correctly for people to comprehend such as administrative assistant, office manager, customer service representative, receptionist, cashier, and so many more.
3. State Job Qualifications
All the needed qualifications, such as the educational background, work experience, and knowledge, should also be enumerated. The requirement will set the standard and determine if the applicant can send in his resume and get the chances of landing on the job position.
4. Highlight the Required Skills
Though the skills are related to the qualifications, the job description must highlight this part to allow the applicant to evaluate themselves. Moreover, the knowledge required for entry into the position is highly valuable, so it must be included. The familiarity of the work subject, comprehension of standard situations, a resource on technical terms, and mastery of the overall responsibility are all necessary knowledge. The applicants may not have all of these, but the course of the training plan will help them know.
5. Describe the Job Environment
The job description should also state the workplace environment. Will it be a desk or field job? By telling this information, the applicants can picture themselves and know where they would be assigned. It is also important to note if there will be a lot of traveling required and if it will be necessary to work on the weekend schedules or be on-call 24 hours a day.