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Keep track of your revenue and expenses by creating a well-formatted and organized income statement through the use of our simple yet formal income statement templates. No matter what type of business industry you are into, manufacturing, merchandising, or service, our templates can surely help you create an income statement with ease and convenience. You can modify the designs and the content of our templates as they are readily customizable to suit your preferences. These are available in a lot of file formats, namely Google Docs, MS Word, and Apple Pages. So, do not waste another second. Make your accounting process hassle-free and organized by downloading our well-designed income statement right away!
An income statement, also referred to as the profit and loss statement, statement of operations, or statement of income, is a report prepared by the management of the company and is one of the four main financial statements that are issued by company, namely balance sheet, income statement, statement of owner's equity, and statement of cash flows. The items presented in an income statement are the revenue, expenses, and income or loss for a certain calendar or accounting period. These items reflect the profitability of the company during that specific time period.
Preparing the income statement is pretty easy if only you have a guide that will simplify the steps in creating one. The good news is we present to you the concise steps in creating an income statement below.
Firstly, calculate the revenue or sales of your company by multiplying the units sold by the sales price. Note that although you have not yet received the payment in cash, you still need to include the receivable amount in your revenue or sales as you will still receive that amount some time in the future.
The cost of goods sold represents the cost that covers the purchase of your products for sale, for a merchandising company, or the cost of raw materials and direct labor, for the manufacturing company. After determining the cost of goods sold, deduct this amount from your revenue or sales to arrive at the gross profit amount.
From the gross profit, deduct your selling and administration expense as well as your depreciation expense to arrive at the operating profit or earnings before interests and taxes. Selling and administration expenses are those expenses that are not related to the manufacturing of your goods, for example, telephone, office expenses, water bills, etc. Depreciation expenses, on the other hand, is an expense related to a certain asset that will diminish its value over time. For example, if you acquire a building, there must be a corresponding depreciation expense that you must record in your financial statement every year.
The interest expense is computed by multiplying the principal amount of your debt by its interest rate. Deduct this amount from your operating profit to arrive at the earnings before taxes.
Deduct from your earnings before taxes the amount you pay in federal, state, local, and payroll taxes to arrive at the earnings available to common shareholders.
If you are taking a salary from your business or you have investors in your company, you must deduct the dividends from the earnings available to common shareholders to get the net income of your company, the money you have left to reinvest into the firm.