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Everyone who has ever tried to apply for a job knows that the resume is the most important first step in the application process. Not only that, it also happens to be the most important publication of your skills and capabilities. In order to be even considered for a job, it’s very important to compose your resume perfectly without any mistakes such as grammatical and typographical errors. You may not realize it but employers often look for the finer details in a resume to determine whether you’re as detailed as your resume says you are. How would an employer feel when you indicate in your resume that you have excellent written and oral communication skills, yet your resume is laden with mistakes. Any slight mistake like misspelling means your communication skills may not be as excellent as your resume claims you to be.
An applicant’s writing skills are as equally important as his or her other skills enumerated on the resume. A well-written resume impresses the employer and will get you that much-needed interview for the final process before getting hired. In this in-depth guide to writing a resume, we’ll show you all the important steps for making the perfect resume that you can use whichever profession you’re applying for. We’ll show you the top writing tips in composing the perfect resume that will impress even the hardest bosses and add guidelines for what to include in a resume. We’ll even teach you how to make a cover letter as an introduction for your resume. Lest you forget, cover letters will introduce your person and will show your effort and determination in making your resume as comprehensive as possible. It’s wrong to assume an employer is not interested in a cover letter. Many are and this will show them how dedicated you are in the application process.
This guide will offer you collective samples and creative resume templates with examples covering most professions. We’ll even give you tips of what not to include in your resume. The templates will show you the format, design and layout that are equally important to produce a neat and easy-to-read resume. These include fonts, headers, bullet points and paragraphs. So grab your favorite chair, put on your reading glasses and read this extensive guide before drafting your own resume that will stand out from the rest of the other applicants’ resumes.
It sounds like such a big, fancy word, doesn’t it? While you may not often hear of job listings requiring interested applicants to send in a curriculum vitae, it is not a rare occurrence, especially in a more academic field. In almost every country, there would be instances when a curriculum vitae will be asked in place of a resume. Be ready for this by knowing all the need-to-knows in writing a curriculum vitae.
Curriculum vitae is a Latin phrase loosely translated in English to be the course of my life. A curriculum vitae, thus, is a written account of one’s educational attainments, employment history, basic personal information, and other qualifications. It is typically written and submitted by an applicant interested in a position.
This entire chapter is dedicated to everything you need to know to write a curriculum vitae that is sure to achieve its purpose.
While the terms curriculum vitae and resume are often mistakenly used interchangeably, there are stark differences between the two. Knowing which is which might prove to be important especially when submitting requirements for an application.
One of the major differences that put the two apart is their contents. A resume is focused on your skills and what would make you stand out from the rest of the applicants. A curriculum vitae, however, is meant to focus on your academic achievements, honors you have received, or publications in your name. Additionally, where a resume is tailored to fit each job and company, a curriculum vitae stays constant. It changes only when you have achieved something new to be added in.
Another difference is their length. A resume is at most only two pages long. It is meant to be something a recruiter could give a quick glance at. A curriculum vitae, however, demands more attention. Because it is a detailed account of your achievements, its length would depend on how much you have achieved.
The amount of formality that a resume format and a curriculum vitae also differs from each other. Where a resume must remain some level of professionalism, it could also be colorful and creative, depending entirely on the job you’re applying for. A curriculum vitae, however, is a strictly formal document.
Here is a table showing the major differences that make a curriculum vitae entirely different from a resume.
Here are some tips on what you should include and exclude in your curriculum vitae to make sure yours will make you a shoo-in for approval.If you’re applying for a job, a position, or a grant in the academe, then you probably already know that what you need is a cover letter and a curriculum vitae, which is a detailed overview of your academic achievements. An impressive curriculum vitae is one that will truly be able to highlight your achievements, capabilities, and potential.
What to Include:
Unlike a resume, a curriculum vitae does not leave much room for customization or creativity. It is strictly formal, written to appeal to the academics who sit behind huge desks. Here are some information that are essential in a curriculum vitae:
Personal Details and Contact Information
Include your name and contact information in your curriculum vitae. If you are comfortable with it, you may also include your date of birth, ethnicity, civil status, and religion. These information are not essential in many countries with anti-discrimination laws. However, there are some countries that do not stop employers from refusing to hire someone based on discriminatory factors. You might want to check the labor laws of your countries to make sure.
Work backwards from the most recent degree you’ve earned to the first. Include the name and location of the institution from where you earned your degree and the year that you graduated.
List your work history in reverse chronological order. That is, from the most recent job you had to the first. Include the name of the company you worked for and the responsibilities you had in that company.
Publications, Awards, Lectures, Grants, and Fellowships
If you have had articles published in your name or you’ve been awarded grants and fellowships, make sure to include them in your curriculum vitae. These are awesome achievements that you should definitely be proud of and would definitely boost your curriculum vitae.
Professional Licenses and Certificates
If you’re a licensed professional (Passed the bar exam or board exam for any profession) or are a holder of a professional certificate, make sure to include this in your curriculum vitae. Not only is this impressive, this might also qualify you for a higher pay grade.
What Not to Include:
Granted, a curriculum vitae is a lot more detailed than a basic resume should be. However, there are information that you should keep out of your curriculum vitae. These include your photo, references, salary history, and the reason you left your previous job.
Knowing what to include and exclude in your curriculum vitae would make sure that you include all and only the relevant information that companies might look for.
For those who aspire to break into a career in the academe, it is important to have the kind of curriculum vitae that would show companies that you indeed have the kind of potential they are looking for. Here are some tips you could employ to write an impressive curriculum vitae:
1. Don’t Undersell Yourself
It is important that you know your worth. Do not be ashamed of your achievements. Make sure that you include each and every achievement related to your career in your curriculum vitae, no matter how small the achievement may seem to you.
2. Only Include Relevant Information
If you’re applying to be the dean of a prestigious law school, the institute probably would not care if you were the captain of the swimming team some 25 years ago. Only include information that is related to the position you are looking to acquire. Remember that a curriculum vitae is dedicated to your achievements related to your academic life.
3. Organize Your Curriculum Vitae
Make sure that your curriculum vitae does not look empty nor does it look too cluttered. Have the right spacing, use the right fonts, and organize the information in your curriculum vitae properly.
4. Edit and Proofread
Before submitting your curriculum vitae, it is important that you send in an error-free curriculum vitae. Any error, be it a typo or a grammatical slip, may be a complete turn off for your potential employer. You can have someone to look through a draft of your curriculum vitae and ask for their opinion.
5. Use Templates
Templates will help you get ideas on how you could properly format and organize your curriculum vitae. Although you shouldn’t copy a template word for word, you can pluck inspiration from them. There are excellent template samples provided in this article.
Writing a curriculum vitae might seem like a big challenge but with the right guidance, it should be a breeze.
Perhaps the most basic requirement you have to comply whenever you apply for a job is a resume. A well-written resume could make the biggest difference between getting the job you want or having to go back to the drawing board. In this chapter, you will find everything you need to create an impressive resume.
A resume is a document that contains information about you that is relevant to the job you are eyeing. Unlike a curriculum vitae, which contains detailed information about you, a resume would simply provide a quick brush through or a summary. It is meant to give the recruiter enough information about you in one glance. A resume is often – and is recommended to be – submitted coupled with a cover letter.
Simply put, a resume is a list of the reasons why you should be hired for a certain positions. This list must include several relevant information about you such as:
Your Contact Information
This is very important: do not forget to put your phone or mobile number and your email address in your resume. Without any way to contact you, it will be difficult for the recruiters to call you in for an interview.
Your Educational Background
State in your resume where you went to school and the years you were a student in the institutions. If you graduated with honors and awards, you may also say so in your resume.
Your Relevant Experiences
If you have had previous employment experiences related to the job that will give you an edge over other candidates, you should definitely include these in your resume. This includes volunteer work and internships.
Your Relevant Accomplishments
If you’ve won awards or was granted certificates on any activity that would prove your skills, strength, knowledge, or ability to do the job.
Your Skills and Qualifications
Skills and qualifications that would increase your chances of catching the attention of the recruiter should be included in your resume. You can also adopt the qualifications listed in the job listing. However, be sure that what you write in your resume are facts and not fibs. Make sure that your resume includes everything that a recruiter might be looking for since a huge chunk of their impression of you will come from the resume you submit to them.
While making sure you don’t miss anything in your resume, be careful not to include anything that might ruin your chances. Here are some of the things you should leave out when writing a resume:
Unless where you went to high school is particularly significant or impressive, there is no need to include this information. However, if you do not have a college degree, then you may include your high school.
If you’re applying for a job as a lawyer, then it would make sense that you’d mention winning being the international debate champion. However, the recruiter does not need to know – and probably wouldn’t care – if you won a singing contest as a 5-year old or you being the hotdog eating contest champ of your town.
Interests and Hobbies
Being a guitar player will only help you if you’re applying to be a guitarist. Otherwise, save your interest and hobbies if they ask about it during your interviews.
Remember that whatever does not strengthen your resume weakens it. Carefully select what you should include in your resume to ensure you use the spaces of the paper efficiently. Remember that you are only given one page to impress the recruiter. Use this wisely.
Resume writing is a skill essential to each and every job seeker. It is one of the most important documents you will present to a recruiter for a job you want. Here are 8 tips you should take note of as you write your resume:
1. Send your resume with a cover letter.
Some recruiters may not pay attention to your cover letter, but most would. A cover letter is your chance to put depth to the contents of your resume. Don’t miss the opportunity by failing to send one.
2. Match the contents of your resume with what the company is looking for.
One way of grabbing the attention of the recruiter is by being exactly what they are looking for. Match your resume to the skills, knowledge, and other qualifications that they need. However, be sure that what you are putting in are true.
3. Use bullet points to make skimming through your resume easier and faster.
Writing your resume in paragraph form is going to take more time. More importantly, it will seem like too much work for the already busy recruiter. Coming across a resume in paragraph form might get your application tossed. So, unless they specifically specify that what they’re looking for is a letter, just send in a resume and a cover letter.
4. Clean your resume.
Get rid of every irrelevant information in your resume that’s just taking space.
5. Get creative with your resume…
If you’re applying for a job that requires creativity and out-of-the-box thinking, then you can showcase your artistic skills in your resume.
6. … but retain a level of professionalism.
However, no matter how unique, colorful, or decorated your resume is, make sure to that you don’t cross the line and remain professional.
7. Proofread and edit your resume.
Submitting a resume full of typos and slips would surely get your resume thrown out as soon as the recruiter lays eyes on it. Read through your resume once and again. Edit what you think has to be edited. If you can, you might even want to have someone else take a look at your functional resume so you can get an unbiased opinion on it.
8. Find good templates to use as a guide for your resume.
While a template should not be copied word for word, they do provide great ideas for how you could arrange your resume to be attractive and functional at the same time.
These steps may seem very simple but they could help you write the best resume of your life to get that job you really want and/or need.
So you’ve got a great resume done and you have been scheduled an interview. What’s next? Before you jump for joy and crack open the champagne bottle, there are yet a few things you have to do to get your hands truly wrapped around that job.
1. Know the Contents of Your Resume
Whether you had your resume done by a professional, a friend, or by yourself, the same rules apply: know what you wrote down. During the interview, you will be asked questions based on what is written in your resume. Know how to answer them by knowing what is in your resume..
2. Research the Company and the Job
A quick Internet search should be able to tell you everything you need to know about the company and the job you’re applying for. These are basic information that you should know as they are likely to come up during the job interview.
3. Know Your Weakness
Be sure that you will be able to answer for any gaps in your timeline. Have an explanation ready for what you think are weak links in your resume.
4. Prepare for the Interview
Avoid setting bad impressions by making sure you arrive early for the interview, are dressed well, and are properly groomed. Maintain eye contact (but not to the point of creepy) and be polite. Say good morning or good afternoon, and thank them for their time. Give a good, firm handshake before you leave the room.
The most important part of the job application process isn’t just the simple resume but the entire process after it. The resume is just your ticket in getting your foot through the door.
To be able to write a resume that would display and skills, capabilities, and potential in the brightest possible light, you should first be familiar with all the critical parts a resume must contain.
The format of your heading is entirely up to you. A heading contains your name and contact information. How you arrange these is entirely up to you. One recommendation when designing your heading is to make sure that your name is printed in large, bold print as it will catch the attention of the recruiter and might make your name easier to recall.
A heading could be as simple as your name written in a slightly larger font size than the rest of the contents and your contact information directly under it.
A lot of people would opt to leave out writing a basic resume profile or a resume objective, especially for those who have not yet gained the skills and qualifications for a job and for those who are eyeing entry-level positions. However, resume profiles and resume objectives often bear with them benefits that might give your resume an edge.
A resume profile is basically a condensed version of a cover letter. You could write a resume profile if the company specifically asked you not to include a cover letter with your resume. When writing a resume profile, you should remember to:
A resume profile will tell the recruiter what you can offer the company. It is best used if your prior work experiences are unrelated to the job you want now.
On the other hand, a resume objective will tell the recruiters exactly the kind of job you are looking for. Remember to only use this if you are applying for a job that is of a higher position. When you are writing a resume objective:
A resume profile and objective are usually optional. While they might have a slight chance of making your resume seem more credible, they are also mere repetitions of what you’ve already said or what the company already knows. So if you find yourself lacking space, you could scrap this part of your resume.
When writing your educational attainment, do so in reverse chronological order, starting from the last institution you’ve attended to the first. If you have a Master’s Degree or higher, you can skip putting in where you went to high school (unless you went to a school with some sort of significance to the job you want to attend). In other words, the more degrees you earn, the more of the earlier days you could scrap.
When listing down your skills in a resume, make sure that they are not cluttered. Organize them by putting your hard skills first and your soft skills after. Hard skills are skills that you acquire through study and can be measured (conducting medical tests, experienced in the litigation process, languages spoken and fluency) while soft skills are skills that are intangible and are difficult to measure (interpersonal skills, etiquette).
List only your relevant achievements. Just like with your educational attainment, list them down in reverse chronological order.
Just like you did with the others, list all relevant experiences in reverse chronological order. This is because your latest endeavors are the most important ones. These are the endeavours that the recruiters would care about the most. Always include the name of the company you used to work for and the month and year when you started as well as the month and year you ended. Include internships and volunteer programs you partook in.
These are not necessary unless the activity or interest is largely relevant to the job you want. Otherwise, you can mention your interests and hobbies if you are directly asked about them during the interview.
Since your resume is your advertisement of your skills and qualifications, It’s very important that it has to be thorough and detailed. Depending on the kind of position you’re applying for, it’s imperative that your resume follows the type of format usually used for that kind of job. You need to be careful with your choice of resume type since not all types of resumes can be useful. For those who are experienced and have an impressive list of exposure to the kind of position required, your resume type should be different from one who is just starting out or one whose career choices and previous jobs are totally unrelated to each other.
With that in mind let’s explore the various types of resumes, when to use them and who should use them:
A chronological resume is meant to showcase one’s talents, abilities, skills and qualities. This kind of resume is laid out with the aim of impressing the employer to consider the candidate for the position available. It has a prominent Objective section or a Qualifications Summary where the candidate lists his or her career goal that may be integrated into the company’s own goals to meet its objective.
A chronological resume usually lists a candidate’s work history with his/her earliest work experience listed at the bottom and his/her recent job listed on top of the list in a reverse chronological order. It’s easy to see why employers prefer this kind of resume – they can see the job history and how long the applicant worked for each of these positions. They can also see the applicant’s related accomplishments along with accompanying certifications, awards and special skills that make the applicant stand out from the rest of the candidates.
While this type of resume is the most common and preferable among applicants, it’s not advisable for those who just graduated fresh out of college and are just starting in their careers, and those who are making a career shift that’s totally different from his/her previous positions held. A chronological resume works best for those applicants who have built a strong and solid work experience history.
Here are a couple of examples of chronological resumes:
Chronological Resume Sample
Experienced RN Chronological Resume
Administrative Chronological Resume
Chronological Resume Example
Chronological Resume for Students
Instead of a chronological resume which highlights your work history, a functional resume focuses more on your skills, abilities, qualifications and responsibilities. While you may still include your work history, this is usually done at the second page or bottom of your resume under the “skills’ subheading, instead of in the first few pages. This type of resume is useful for those who have very little or no work experience such as those who are just starting out. Besides college graduates, those who have intermittent work or long gaps in their employment history. However, keep in mind that if you’ve been unemployed for less than six months up to a year is not necessarily a big deal for employers. For one, it’s understandable that recession can play a factor in unemployment. Longer employment gaps however, need more explaining and can be a tricky factor in case you’re being interviewed and asked why that is so.
A functional resume may also be used by applicants who frequently change jobs for one reason or the other. It’s also helpful for reentering the workforce after quite an absence like a long sickness or raising a child after giving birth. By highlighting your skills rather than making a list of your work history, you can accentuate your being qualified for the position.
Here are a couple of examples of Functional Resumes:
Functional Sales Resume
Administrative Functional Resume
Functional Resume for High School Students
Professional Experience Functional Resume
Functional Resume Sample
For applicants who want to organize their resumes in such a way that their skills and work history are prominently featured, then the best type of resume they need to make would be a combination resume. A combination resume is the best way to give the employer all the necessary information he or she may want from an applicant. It’s also the perfect format for applicants who want to put in detail their skills and experience while at the same time highlighting their work history chronologically.
A combination resume helps show an employer how keen you are in detailing your qualifications and will give a good impression, knowing you’ve taken the time to chart everything. This kind of resume also explains in detail why you’re perfect for the position that’s available.
Here are a couple of examples of Combination Resumes:
Combination Resume for Accounting
Outline for a Combination Resume
Hybrid Combination Resume
Combination Resume in PDF
Combination Resume Sample
This is the kind of resume that’s totally different from a generalized and generic resume in that it’s submitted by an applicant who is specifically qualified and possesses the necessary skills and qualities needed for the job. For example, if the company is looking for a marketing manager, then the applicant must be specific about why he or she is qualified to be a marketing manager. He/she may cite specific tasks and responsibilities from his/her previous jobs and show the employer why he/she is very qualified and tailor-made for the position.
A targeted resume is customized in detail to the specifics of the job a company is looking for. If you think you’re a match for the job the company is looking for, then try to make your resume as detailed as possible. Granted, a targeted resume may take more time and a lot of specifics, but when the employer sees that you’re very qualified for the position, then there‘s definitely no reason why you wouldn’t get hired.
A word of caution when making a targeted resume: You have to be as accurate as much as possible. Targeted resumes are for specific positions which demand the utmost dedication and responsibility, not to mention your skills and competency if you get hired, so be honest and accurate as much as possible with your qualifications you’ve listed.
Here are excellent examples of targeted resumes:
Professional Targeted Resume
Targeted Resume Sample
Targeted Resume in DOC
Targeted Resume Introductions & Accomplishments
Like a targeted resume, a resume with profile gives an overview of the applicant’s skills with specific qualifications that are mentioned in the job posting. The aim of a resume profile is to let the employer know you possess the particular credentials the company is looking for. In a resume with profile, the candidate will summarize in a short sentence, all his/her experiences, skills and goals relative to the specific job the company is looking for. The aim of the summary is to let the applicant sell himself/herself to the company.
Adding a profile is extremely helpful if the applicant has extensive experience in his or her field. The profile can accurately convey the applicant’s experience to the employer and highlights the exact skills needed for the company to achieve its goals.
Here are very good examples of resumes with profile
Resume Profile Statement Example
Chronological Resume with Profile
Student Resume Profile
Resume Profile Summary
Non-Traditional resumes are unique in that these are not really the formal, business-like, typical resumes most of us are used to. A non-traditional resume has visual representations in the form of photos, images or graphics that showcase the applicant’s skills. It may also be a video or other forms of visuals that will help the employer decide whether the applicant’s skills and artistry are good enough to warrant his/her hiring.
For the uninitiated, non-traditional resumes are often used by graphic artists, web designers, video editors, cinematographers and all professions related to graphic designs. This kind of resume is necessary to highlight the applicant’s skills in creating visually engaging graphic designs needed for the particular job. It’s a good way to engage the employer in a visually graphic presentation that will help the applicant land the job and show his natural talent to incorporate such designs to whatever tasks he/she will be assigned in once he/she gets hired.
Here are a couple of fine examples of nontraditional resumes:
Stylish Nontraditional Resume
Non Traditional Resume Sample
A Mini Resume is meant to be an informal reference that is typically composed of your career highlights with specific information precisely highlighted for the particular job you’re interested in. A mini resume is usually for employers who request an overview of an applicant’s skills rather than a comprehensive resume. It may also be used for networking and handing out your resume in the form of a business card where your specific skills will be highlighted. A mini resume may be acceptable only if you know the employer personally and your resume is needed for formality and to satisfy requirement purposes only.
Here are a couple of examples for mini resumes:
Sample Mini Resume
Career Services Mini Resume
Mini Resume Example
Mini Resume in DOC
A lot of IT jobs are now in demand and used by most companies who are looking to expand their presence online. Job postings for web developers, graphic artists and other IT-related positions are ever-increasing but the quality of individual applicants who do these kinds of work must be assessed and evaluated carefully. Traditional resumes are therefore not advisable for these kinds of positions. Employers who want to know how good these candidates are often advise applicants to submit non-traditional resumes that include graphic visual designs, images, videos and photos that showcase each applicant’s talents.
Some employers even test applicants by posting a job and wait for applicants to submit resumes. Those who submit traditional resumes get rejected outright while those who submit a graphic portfolio of their work are the ones immediately considered. The reasoning behind this is that if an applicant is applying for this kind of job, he/she has to back it up with an impressive visual portfolio of his/her job on an infographic resume that highlights his/her talent.
If you’re a graphic artist or web designer/developer or with a similar IT-related job qualification, a nontraditional resume can increase your chances of being hired once you submit a sample of your work. You can do this on a portfolio complete with all the necessary graphic visual presentations that back your qualifications.
So what really is a non-traditional resume? It’s a type of resume that focuses on the visual impact, artistry and ability of an applicant in relation to the position that he or she is seeking that has something to do with web-based designs. It’s a resume that’s more than a list of an applicant’s skills and employment history and includes infographics, online portfolios that showcase the applicant’s skills through graphic images and videos.
Non-Traditional resumes include the following:
Here are a couple of examples of Infographic Resumes:
Modern Infographic Resume
Minimal Infographic Resume
Online Portfolio – For a candidate to build an online portfolio is a great addition to his/her resume and can make a positive impression with the employer. An infographic resume is your very own website where samples of your work, presentation collections, layout designs and recommendations are illustrated and visible to the employer. An online portfolio can also increase your visibility and online presence since your professional portfolio will be the first to show on the search engines when an employer searches your name. Besides these things, your online portfolio can also be edited or changed any time you like it. You can improve it before you can submit it to an employer when you apply for a position and you can also add new content besides graphic, images, photos and videos.
Here are samples of online portfolios:
Online Portfolio Sample
Business Online Portfolio
Here are samples of video resumes:
Here are examples of online and social resumes:
Sample Social Resume
Being a fresh graduate can be quite challenging especially when you’re suddenly thrust into the real world with virtually zero job experience. However, this should not discourage you to find a job and apply for a position and take on the challenge. Of course, like any fresh graduate, expect to have a share of heartaches and frustrations since you’ll have a 50-50 chance of getting accepted for a job offering. It’s not so much about your qualifications as it is with experience.
Like everything, applying for a position even with no previous experience can have a way around it through a solid resume that will help you land that job. Before you submit your resume, here are good tips to make our resume strong enough to be considered by an employer:
Here are a couple examples of fresher resumes:
MBA Fresher Resume
Teacher Fresher Resume
MCA Fresher Resume
Sample Resume for Freshers
For those who are just starting out after graduating from either high school or college, it’s quite absolutely terrifying to apply for a job position with no prior experience. The same might be said if you’re changing careers which you’re not used to, being new on the field. While there are lots of entry-level jobs that can be offered by employers, it helps that you’ll get a couple of suggestions which might be helpful when writing an entry level resume:
Now that you know several tips to include in your entry-level resume, here are some mistakes to avoid, otherwise your resume will be bound to the trashcan, no matter how good or qualified you may be:
Here are examples of entry-level resumes:
Entry level Information Technology Resume
Entry Level BS Chemist
Entry Level RN Resume
Entry Level Engineer Resume
Sample Entry Level Resume
A cover letter is an essential document that goes with a resume. While some recruiting officers and employers might not read a cover letter, many do and will trash an application that does not come with it.
Having a well-written cover letter might make the biggest difference between being called in for an interview or not. This chapter will tackle everything you need to know about writing an impressive cover letter to go with your resume.
A cover letter is written to introduce the applicant to the recruiter. It is meant to complement and add to the information you included in your resume. It is very important to note that a cover letter is supposed to provide more information about you; it is not and should not be copying the same pieces of information that can be found in your resume.
Why Should You Write a Cover Letter
Granted, there are employers who would skip the first page and dive right into your resume. However, you can’t predict whether or not the person who would be reviewing your application is strict about cover letters.
There is a lot that your cover letter might say about you. The way you coin words together and phrase ideas could reveal a lot about your personality, what you value, and the skills and accomplishments you’re most proud of. Furthermore, your cover letter would also demonstrate your written communication skills by how well you are able to put thoughts together to form an entire letter that would appeal to your potential employer.
Your cover letter could make or break your employment opportunities. Take advantage of the chance to explain and endorse yourself by writing a cover letter that would impress any recruiting officer.
While it’s true that not every potential employer will read your cover letter, there is no way of knowing for sure on whether the ones screening applicants for your desired position won’t. That said, it is understandable why it is highly recommended that you submit a cover letter to accompany your resume.
However, know that a poorly written cover letter is just as bad as not having a cover letter at all. If anything, it might even fully steal any chance you have of getting called in for an interview.
A typical cover letter would have eight parts: the header, the date, the recipient, the opening salutations, the body of the letter, the closing salutations, and finally, the signature.
The body of a cover letter contains the “meat” of the letter. It is the most important part of the letter and would usually consist of these four parts:
The 1st Paragraph
The first paragraph is the introduction paragraph. This is where you tell the reader the reason you’re writing to them. Be straight to the point. There is no need to beat around the bush or look for colorful words when writing a cover letter. Remember that the recruiter might be very busy so avoid wasting their time. By the time they finish reading the first paragraph, they should already know why you’re writing.
The 2nd Paragraph
The second paragraph is the paragraph that backs up what you wrote in your resume. This is where you tell the reader of your letter why you’re good for the job. Talk about your experiences and skills here. You can even cite situations that could strengthen the skills and interests you claimed to have in your resume.
The 3rd Paragraph
The third paragraph is where you tell the person reading your letter why you’re great for the company. This is where you sell yourself to them, tell them why you – among all the applicants for the job – are the most worthy investment for the company. The company isn’t just looking for someone who would benefit from them, they want someone who they could offer something to the company.
The 4th Paragraph
The last paragraph of the letter is where you put yourself forward. You end the letter with a call of action. Some people do this by asking the company to call them at a certain day and time. If the call does not come, they know it’s time to look for another job. This is a less anxiety-inducing approach. Other people inform the company that they will be dropping by to talk about the job on a certain date and time. They are taking control of the situation and making sure that they get to talk to someone in the company.
Knowing how to write a cover letter is not enough to be able to truly impress recruiters. You have to be able to write the kind of cover letter that clearly shows your skills and abilities and would make the recruiter know that you are indeed qualified for the job.
Your cover letter and resume are the basis of your potential employer or recruiter’s first impression of you. While a resume may contain the information that the recruiters might need, it is the cover letter that gives justification to the contents of your resume. To write an impressive cover letter, keep these tips in mind:
1. Know to whom you have to send the letter.
Know exactly to whom you should address your letter to. A general “to whom it may concern” would not do. Find out who is in charge of the recruitment for the position you want and write their name and position in the recipient section of the letter below the date. Include the company’s name and location.
2. Focus on the company.
The company is well aware that you can benefit from getting this job. You don’t have to suck up to them. Instead, sell yourself. Tell them what would make you perfect for that job and what you could offer the company that others cannot. Tell the company what they could gain if they hire you over the other candidates.
3. Be Authentic.
If you keep using words that are so overused by the industry, don’t expect that the recruiter – who has read thousands of other letters that use the exact same terms – will be anything other than bored when reading your letter. When writing a cover letter, talk like you’re a person and be conversational and real. Use words that you would use when you are actually conversing with a person. Sounding conversational might give the recruiter a feeling of intimacy or friendship which might increase their chances of liking you.
4. Let your cover letter complement your resume.
If you’re just going to put the exact same things in your resume in your cover letter, then you might as well just skip the cover letter and save paper and time, right? A cover letter’s purpose is to introduce you, highlight your relevant experiences, and give depth to the contents of your resume. Make sure that what you write are simply complementary to your resume, not exact copies of it.
5. Focus on your skills and experiences.
Recruiters are more likely to look at how well you could do the job than whether or not you did well during your school days. I’m not saying your educational attainments are not important, because they are! How well you do in school would also be a factor that some employers consider. However, focus more on the experiences and skills – these include internships, volunteers, and clubs you may have joined – you have that would impress the recruiters and make them think that, indeed, you are capable of the job you want.
While there is no one set of hard rules when writing your cover letter, these tips will undoubtedly help in making sure that you will be called in for an interview. Although the contents of your cover letter are largely important, the way you arrange and present it would also have an impact.
Just like with any professional business letters, there is a need to follow proper protocol for the appearance of a cover letter. However, this would depend on the kind of job that you’re applying for. Jobs that require creativity like graphic artists, painters, sculptors, publicists, and marketers might want to include a bit more color into their work. Other jobs like lawyers, doctors, nurses, and office secretary are more likely to have to stick to the traditional look of a cover letter.
The Traditional Cover Letter
A traditional cover letter would follow the same format as most business letters. Most letters are indented and justified. Personally, I prefer that the paragraph style is blocked, that is, justified with no indentions.
The format most cover letters would take would be:
The header goes on the top of the page. In it is the name, contract information, and email address of the applicant.
The date of application or the date that the letter was written is typed in,
On the first line, write the recipient’s name with their corresponding title. Use “Ms.” if you are unsure whether a woman is married or not. If you do not know the sex of the recipient, omit the honorary. It is better to not have it than have it wrong. Remember that addressing the recipient as “to whom it may concern” is not advisable. At all.
You can use “Dear” as an opening salutation but if you are uncomfortable with this, you are also free to just type in the recipient’s name or substitute “Dear” with “To.”
The body of the letter is the most important part of it. Make sure to go straight to the point and highlight only the most relevant information.
Close the letter with a thank you and a “Sincerely.” Remember not to use a closing salutation that might be too intimate lest you creep the recipient out.
Manually put in your signature using a nice black pen.
These are the basic contents of a cover letter. When writing a cover letter, it would be wise that you look through templates to use as a guide. In here, we have provided templates that you could make use of however, make sure that you do not copy the letter word for word. A cover letter is meant to introduce you so make sure that the contents of your cover letter are specific to you.
If you want your resume to be noticed and considered by the hiring manager among all other applicants’ resumes, consider putting both a profile and career objective on your resume. A profile, otherwise known as a professional summary, can either be a paragraph or bullet list form, which details your skills and expertise that are useful for the specific position that you’re applying for.
When putting a professional resume profile, the four key points have to be considered:
If you’re a fresher, focus on any previous part-time jobs, volunteer work or extracurricular activities which you think are relevant for the position.
Here are are a couple of examples of resumes with profile or professional summary:
Resume with Profile Sample
Profile Resume Example
Another thing you can put on your resume is a career objective. A career objective describes your motive for the job. This is important because employers often compare a candidate’s career objective to see if it fits with their own company’s objectives. You can create a powerful objective but be sure to limit it to three lines since your resume must be kept brief and direct to the point. Here are a couple of tips for career objectives that may be useful which you can use as your own:
Those are just some of the career objectives that an applicant may include in his/her resume. Here are other examples of resume objectives:
Customer Service Resume Objective
Medical Assistant Resume Objective
Nursing Resume Objective Sample
General Objective for Resume
Fresher Resume Objective
As mentioned earlier, a resume profile and resume summary are similar and the same. Our sample templates have a couple more examples of resume summary that users may be able to download and use as reference.
Professional Summary Example
Example Resume Summaries
There are a lot of purposes for a cover letter to be included in a resume. For one, it’s a formal gesture to show the employer how the applicant recognizes the significance of the process. While most employers do away with cover letters and focus more on the applicant’s resume, a cover letter is still important because employers tend to appreciate a candidate making an effort to formalize his/her application over candidates who just submit common resumes. Since a cover letter is a way for a candidate to sell himself/herself, it’s better to be safe than sorry and include a cover letter to every job application.
Here are 10+ examples of cover letter samples:
Teacher Cover Letter
Basic Cover Letter
Unsolicited Cover Letter
Graduate Cover Letter
Cover Letter for a Mechanical Engineering
Cover Letter Format
Psychology Cover Letter
Sample Cover Letter
Academic Cover Letter
Hotel General Manager Cover Letter
Writing a cover letter can be quite difficult for a fresh graduate but given the proper tips and guidance on writing a cover letter for fresh graduates, there’s no reason why a fresher applicant won’t be able to craft the perfect cover letter even without prior working experience. Here are samples of our cover letter for fresh graduates that users may be able to refer to and use as reference:
Engineering Graduate with No Experience
Cover Letter for College Graduate
Cover Letter Samples for Fresh Graduate
Fresh Graduates Cover Letter
Graduate with No Experience Cover Letter
Engineering Graduate with No Experience Cover Letter
Mechanical Engineering Cover Letter
Fresh Graduate with No Experience Cover Letter
College Graduate Cover Letter
Depending on an applicant’s qualifications and the type of job he/she is applying for, a creative resume may not be for everyone. If you’re applying as a teacher, doctor or accountant, you’d be better off with a traditional resume. However, if you’re an IT graduate who is tech-savvy, you may need a creative resume especially when applying for a job as a graphic artist or designer. A creative resume is meant to show off your skills that an employer is looking for. You can use infographics, images, videos and photos to show off your creative skills that are meant to impress your employer. Here are creative resume templates which you can use as examples for your own creative resume:
Creative Resume Template
Stylish Creative Resume
Two Page Resume
Graphic & Multimedia Designer
Modern & Creative
Besides being creative, nowadays, more applicants are adapting the modern style of making resumes. These kinds of resumes are anything from being vibrant to skillful and creative formal. While there’s a fine line between creative resumes and modern resumes, the former is more into graphic designs that are more adapted to online presentations. A modern resume design can have different kinds of colors chosen that are both minimal and pleasing to the eyes. An applicant may choose to include graphic designs, but these are usually limited to spaces where no texts are being placed. Modern resumes are also normally printed with more expensive and thicker paper than a normal traditional resume.
Here are our modern resume template samples that users can refer to:
Clean Modern Resume
Modern Resume in PSD
Resume with Portfolio
Modern Indesign Resume
Modern Resume Template
Like creative resumes, non-traditional resumes depart from the standard, traditional resumes that are normally used for job applications. They are designed so that the applicant’s resume will stand out from the rest and can catch the interest of the employer. A non-traditional resume uses anything from videos, graphics, images and photos. These can be used on websites and online portfolios and used to highlight your visual skills.
A non-traditional resume is not for everyone, however. There are still professions that would need traditional resumes like doctors, nurses and teachers. However, if you’re applying for a job as a graphic designer, web design editor and the like, then it’s advisable that you use a non-traditional resume to highlight your skills and talent.
Here are a couple of excellent examples that you can use as reference for making your own non-traditional resume:
Clean Non traditional Resume
Simple Non traditional Resume
In order to be considered for a job, you need to have a professional resume that’s neatly written in all aspects of fonts, texts, language and formatting that are very important when composing a resume. If those things are not taken cared of, then you won’t have a chance to be considered no matter how qualified you are for the position.
An inconsistent and poorly written resume will get bypassed by the hiring manager and bound to the trashcan. In order not to make that kind of mistake, here are a couple of tips on how to make a professional resume:
To be able to get an idea how to make the perfect professional resume, please refer to any of our template samples that you can download for free:
Corporate Professional Resume
Editable & Customizable
Clean Resume in Word
Professional & Clean Resume
Employer Professional Resume
Job Professional Resume
Microsoft Word Resume
Professional Resume in PSD
Professional Clear Resume
Makeup & Styling
Junior Art Director
Graphic Designer Professional Resume
Our teacher resume samples will help aspiring teachers draft their own resumes by referring to a couple of our template examples. These cover everything from elementary or grade school teachers to high school, college and even those applying to become a principal. As a teacher, you can highlight your teaching skills and focus on your ability to handle the class and keep your lectures interesting. Please refer to our samples here to get an idea how to highlight your skills and format your resume in such a way that these are clearly visible to the employer:
Sample Resume for Teacher
Teacher Resume Template
Elementary School Teacher Resume
Two Page Teacher Resume
Substitute Teacher Resume
Being a banker is being known as much for being customer friendly as well as being business-savvy. To be able to impress an employer, an applicant for a banker must make sure his/her resume is spotless without mistakes and should reflect his professionalism and importance as a meticulous person who has an eye for details, something a banker must possess in order to be qualified. For that reason, our resume template samples for bankers reflect the importance of the position and can be used as a guide for reference in order to create that perfect resume befitting of a banker.
Investment Banker Resume
Banker Resume Sample
Banker Resume Example
Bankers Resume Template
Example of Teacher Resume
Every business needs an accountant to take care of their financial requirements particularly when taking care of tax matters. You also need to keep businesses within their budgets and draft budget plans while balancing their financial books. For this reason, being an accountant is quite in demand and the potential for growth and being paid well are excellent.
As an accountant, you’ll do any of the following:
Those are just some of the many responsibilities that an accountant does. You can check more on our samples to guide you as you draft your own accountant resume:
Sample Accountant Resume
Financial Accountant Resume
Example of Account Resume
Depending on the business, a top executive may handle a whole organization composed of many departments while implementing strategies and planning operations. In this case, they let the managers implement those strategies. For smaller companies, a top executive may have a direct hand in the day to day operations. They may collaborate and direct the work of every department while reporting directly to the board of directors any success and failures of the company’s operations.
Depending on your qualification, your resume may be for the following top executive positions:
You can refer to any of our top executive resume samples that are being offered here:
Human Resources Executive
Executive Managing Director
Sales Executive Resume
Whether you’re working at a retail store or at a car dealer’s shop, your position as a sales associate is important since the company depends on your performance in terms of sales and customer retention. For this reason, sales associates should have the expertise to work with a customer, not just in processing sales, but finding out what they want and taking note of their opinions on the product you’re handling.
Check out our resume samples for sales associates that you can use as reference to list your skills and improve the draft of your own resumes:
Foot Locker Sales Associate
Retail Sales Associate
Sales Associate Sample Resume
Sales Associate Example Resume
Whether structures like buildings, roads, bridges, or even homes are built by either companies or independent contractors, a construction worker is always needed to take on the work needed to implement the plans on these structures. Construction workers are divided into several categories depending on their expertise. Their job skills include the following:
Those are just some of the many job description required of a construction worker. If you’re a qualified construction worker, please check out our resume samples to draft your own resume based on the content of our sample construction worker resumes:
Sample Construction Worker Resume
General Construction Worker
Sample Resume for Construction Worker
Management consultants are helpful to improve a company’s weak points and strategize ways for the workforce to be more productive and efficient. They’re experts in management organizational structures, profitability and operations. Depending on your expertise, you may become a consultant in areas that are very relevant for a company’s operations like Human Resource, financing, sales and marketing and management operations.
Check out our samples of consultant resume templates that have a comprehensive list of job description skills needed for a consultant.
Entry Level Management Consulting
Management Consulting Analyst Resume
Experienced Management Consulting
Management Consulting Internship Resume
With the demand for IT professionals on the rise every year, this profession is now considered worth more than established white-collar jobs, and the need for IT jobs will become more pronounced as competing firms try to absorb as many IT professionals as they can. If you’re a good IT professional, chances are, you won’t have any trouble becoming hired into one of thousands of IT-related jobs that are available everywhere where information technology has a massive base.
As is standard however, you are still required to submit your formal resume as a matter of courtesy to your employer. Besides that, our samples have an extensive list of the job description required for the position. Please check out our IT professional resume sample templates to help guide you in drafting your own resume:
Information Technology Professional Resume
Sample Entry level I T Resume
Sample IT Professional Resume
Information Technology Resume Example
Depending on which engineering field is your expertise, engineers work on complex fields that utilize some of the major sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry and geology. The branches of engineering stretch from civil engineering to mechanical, electrical, industrial, and even IT engineering. For a complete list of engineering-related resumes that qualified applicants may be able to use as reference, please refer to our samples that are all free for downloading.
Manufacturing Engineering Resume
Civil Engineering Resume
Mechanical Engineer Resume
Petroleum Engineer Resume
Sample Resume for Engineers
Customer Service Representatives
To improve customer service and satisfaction, most major companies are now employing a dedicated customer service program that offer customer service representatives (CSR’s) who facilitate customer complaints, inquiries and even payments. Most importantly, they act as liaison between the customer and the company. Applicants who are college graduates from any course may become CSR’s as long as they have excellent oral communications skills and are able to handle customers in the best way possible.
For anyone who wants to become a CSR, please check out our resumes that you can use as reference and download for free:
Customer Service Representative Resume
Customer Service Resume Sample
Customer Service Resume Template
Marketing executives are vital for companies to improve sales and maximize profit. Besides that, they are also responsible for market research, advertising, sales and distribution of products that a company distributes. Qualified marketing executives can check out our marketing resume samples that have a list of job description titles for easy reference.
Marketing Executives Resume
Sales Marketing Executive Resume
Sales Marketing Executive Resume Example
Marketing Executive Resume Example
Candidates may also check out the following resume samples for the following:
Internships, otherwise known as on-the-job training, are open mostly for students of different courses who are required to experience how it is in a real working environment setting. Here are a couple of Internship Resume examples that you can use to apply for an internship:
Internship Placement Resume
Student Intern Resume
Resume for Internship
Film Industry Intern Resume
Sample Internship Resume
Mechanical Engineering Internship Resume
Summer Internship Resume
Television Production Intern Resume
Resume Format for Internship
Finance Internship Resume
Computer Science Internship Resume
Internship Resume for Marketing
Career Objective Internship Resume
Internship Resume for Multimedia
You may customize your resume using our template examples that you can download for free. You may edit or modify them according to specifications and print them after:
Resume in PSD
Edit By Color Resume
Customizable Modern Resume
Resume in InDesign
Clean and Simple Resume
Fully Customizable Resume
Resume in Photoshop
Customizable Resume Design
Modern & Editable
Customizable Portfolio Resume
Customizable Resume Template
Designed Handcraft Resume
Project Manager Customizable Resume
4 Pieces Resume
A4 Customizable Resume
Customizable and Creative Resume
Our blank resume templates can be used for any job application that does not require a specialized or particular format for a resume. These are also free for downloading and can be modified to user specifications.
Printable Blank Resume
Combination Format Blank Resume
Blank Resume Template
Single Page Blank Resume
One Page Blank Resume
Chronological Format Blank Resume
Functional Blank Resume
Software Engineer Blank Resume
College Admission Blank Resume
Blank Resume Example
Now that you have an idea on how to write a resume, we hope we have helped you enough, from how to write it in its proper sequence and format, to the do’s and don’t’s of writing a good resume. It’s not every time someone comes up with a really perfect resume that catches the eye of an employer. Of course, the resume is just half of what you are showcasing to your employer. Ultimately, it’s your work performance that matters. However, as long as you’re as detailed and dedicated to your work as when you crafted your resume, then there’s nothing to worry about. Time to go out and ace that interview and seize the opportunity to find your niche in the real world!