# How to Do Sums in Google Sheets

Google Sheets simplifies data calculation through its intuitive sum functions. This guide offers a clear, straightforward walkthrough on performing sums, enabling you to seamlessly compile and analyze data.

## How to Do Sums in Google Sheets

Summing data in Google Sheets is a fundamental skill that can greatly aid in data analysis and organization. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user, let’s explore each available sum function in Google Sheets.

• ### Using the SUM Function

The SUM function is the most straightforward way to calculate the total of numbers in Google Sheets. To use it, first open your spreadsheet. Then, select the cell where you want the sum to appear. Start by typing =SUM( into this cell. Next, either select the range of cells you wish to add together or type the cell references manually, separated by commas. After this, close the parentheses with a ) and press Enter. Voila! The sum of your selected cells will now be displayed in the cell where you entered the formula.

• ### Using SUMIF and SUMIFS

For more advanced sums, there’s no need for a physical calculator because Google Sheets provides the SUMIF and SUMIFS functions. SUMIF lets you sum numbers based on a single condition. Its syntax is =SUMIF(range, criterion, [sum_range]). Here, ‘range’ refers to the cells you’re evaluating against your ‘criterion,’ and ‘sum_range’ is the group of cells to add up. If you don’t specify ‘sum_range,’ Google Sheets will sum the ‘range’ instead. SUMIFS extends this functionality to allow for multiple conditions. Its syntax is =SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criterion1, [criteria_range2, criterion2], …). This allows for more detailed and condition-specific sums, enhancing your data analysis capabilities.

• ### Using ARRAYFORMULA

When you need to apply a function to an entire range, ARRAYFORMULA is your go-to. It enables operations on whole ranges rather than on just individual cells. The syntax for ARRAYFORMULA is =ARRAYFORMULA(array_formula), where ‘array_formula’ is the operation you want to apply across the range. This function is especially useful for complex calculations over large datasets, streamlining processes and saving valuable time.

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## FAQs

### How do I sum a range of numbers in Google Sheets?

Use the =SUM(range) function, where ‘range’ is the group of cells you want to add.

### Can I sum only certain cells that meet specific criteria in Google Sheets?

Yes, use the =SUMIF(range, criterion, [sum_range]) function for a single criterion or =SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criterion1, …) for multiple criteria.

### Is it possible to sum cells across different sheets in Google Sheets?

Yes, you can sum across sheets by specifying the sheet name and cell range in the SUM formula.

### How can I sum a column in Google Sheets?

Select a cell below the column and type =SUM(column_range), replacing ‘column_range’ with the actual range of your column.

### Does Google Sheets automatically update the sum if I add more data to the summed range?

Yes, the sum automatically updates when new data is added to or changed within the summed range.