Geometric patterns form an integral part of design, being present in almost every aspect of life. Basically, any motif or design depicting non-representational and abstract shapes like circles, lines, triangles, ellipses, polygons, and rectangles constitute geometric patterns.
Geometric patterns came into prominence in the field of design due to their contribution to Islamic art and architecture and they were utilized separately or in combination with figural or non-figural ornamentation. The aniconic quality of the patterns not only lent itself well to the adornment of classic architectural structures but also functioned as the primary decorative element on a wide range of objects belonging to various categories.
In the Islamic community the geometric patterns were prevalent. The source regarding the shape and intricate patterns existed among Sasanians, Greeks and also the Romans. However, the Islamic artists absorbed key elements from the classical tradition and then complicated and elaborated upon them to invent a fresh style of design that focused on the effectiveness of order and unity..
Geometric patterns constitute four basic shapes from which more complicated patterns are created. These shapes include squares and four-sided polygons; circles and interrelated circles; multisided polygons, and the universal star pattern that was derived by inscribing squares and triangles within a circle.
A clear understanding of geometric patterns allows you to break down the complex design patterns found on numerous objects into simple arrangements and shapes, relegating them to more than one category. However, despite their apparently simple construction, geometric patterns appear to embody a universal refusal to strictly adhere to any clear geometric rules.